:

:
\,



.䠠

.

.'21
-,

,렠
,,,
.,.
?頠

,,29
,
,.,
55
,
,..-
.,38


,ᠠ\
,,
-.\\\렠-
.
,,,
,45
,.
.()

,
,:,90
-
,⠠.',
"".
"".""
,젠
,렠""
"",,
.䠠
.:"Ageism
",2000,

,,
67
,
.
""""
,(22
),(45)
.
?\\
?


:






!-
60
?
-





?
""








?



?40

,

,,,
,.

.

-"",21
-,,
,(Proteancareer)
"
,
젠--
,,.
.

,
,,.
,.
,
..


.
,()

.


,
40
-ᠠ
,40-35
,,,젠.
.
.


,,
,"",,
,,,
,젠
,55
-,?
?,
,,
?


.'21
-,
,
43
6725118".
.
.21
-46
ᠠ.8
.
16-⠠26


렠.
.
,
.





)䠠
),(
.(

()
䠠,
()䠠.
79
78)
.(

,,
73
)
.(63

,,,
.(3.1
1.8)

,
,()()
,
.

,
.

,
,
.""
(),.
-,
,-()
,.
.
,:
.,
,

.

()
,
.

5
,45%-
,.()
.


.//
⠠,
.

:

.
,()


.

:

,.
,
.
,
""
.,

,
,.ࠠ,

.(5
3)
.

.,()
,-
-,
.
""
,,
,()outsourcing.
-
젠,
.

______________
:

,,,(1998
).,
.8.3
.,(1989
).,
."""
Hall,D.T.(1996),Proteancareersofthe21stcentury.Academyof
ManagementExecutive,10:8-16.

Horrocks,J.E.&Mussman,M.C.(1970).Middlescence:Agerelated
stressperiodsduringadultyears.GeneticPsychologyMonographs,

Isaacson,L.E.(1981),Counselingmalemid-lifecareerchanges.The
VocationalGuidanceQuarterly,29(4),324-332.

LevinsonetD.I.(1978),Theseasonsofmanslife.BallantineBooks:
NewYork

Neopolitan,J.L.(1980),Occupationalchangeinmidcareer:An
exploratoryinvestigation.JournalofVocationalBehavior,16,212-225.

Posner,R.(2000),Employmentdiscrimination:ageanddiscrimination
andsexualharassment.InternationalReviewofLawandEconomics,
vol19,issues4,421-446.

Stephens,G.K.(1994),Crossinginternalcareerboundariesthestate
ofresearchonsubjectivecareertransitions.Journalofmanagement,
vol20no.2,pp.479-501.

Tamir,L.M.(1982),Meninthereforties:Thetransitiontomiddleage.
NewYork:Springer.

Thompson,J.D.,Avery,R.W.,&Carlson,R.(1962),Occupations,
Personnelandcareers.Pittsburgh;A.S.Center,Universityof
Pittsburgh..

*****************************
.""?
_________________